Navigating Symptoms and Treatment Options for MS

A woman holds a mug as she thinks about treatment options for MS.
We have the information you need on the latest treatment options for MS.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) has no cure. Hundreds of thousands of people in the U.S. are diagnosed with the condition – upwards of 400,000 people, in fact, and of that, 86 percent of multiple sclerosis patients list fatigue as the top symptom they’re experiencing. The cause of multiple sclerosis is as yet not known; it is not a communicable disease or known to be hereditary, but elements that may come into play include:

  • Age – Most cases of MS are diagnosed between the ages of 20 and 50
  • Gender – Females are impacted more than two times as often as males
  • Ethnic background – Caucasians are at a higher risk
  • Geography – The majority of individuals with MS live in temperate environments

It is thought that multiple sclerosis symptoms occur when an immune system attack impacts myelin, the protective insulation around nerve fibers of the central nervous system. For seniors with MS, myelin is destroyed and replaced by scars of tough sclerotic tissue. Some underlying nerve fibers are completely severed, and the impairment manifests in a number of places inside the central nervous system — giving the disease its name.

Thankfully, there are now a variety of treatment options for MS available to help. Medicines can change the disease course, treat relapses, and control symptoms, improving quality of life and comfort for those with multiple sclerosis. These medications include:

Disease Course Modification:

  • Oral medications such as teriflunomide, fingolimod, cladribine, siponimod, dimethyl fumarate, and diroximel fumarate
  • Injectable medications such as interferon beta 1a and 1b, glatiramer acetate, and peginterferon beta 1a
  • Infused medications such as alemtuzumab, mitoxantrone, ocrelizumab, and natalizumab

Relapse Management:

  • IV or oral corticosteroids such as methylprednisolone, prednisone, and ACTH

Symptom Management:

A wide range of medications can be prescribed as treatment options for MS to ease symptoms such as:

  • Bladder infection
  • Bowel dysfunction
  • Bladder dysfunction
  • Dizziness
  • Depression
  • Fatigue
  • Itching
  • Emotional difficulties
  • Sexual difficulties
  • Tremors
  • Pain
  • Walking difficulties
  • And more

Additionally, numerous non-medicinal therapeutic and technological advancements can be helpful, as can skilled in-home care services, which will make life more comfortable, easier, and safer for seniors with MS.

Dakota Home Care is always ready to offer a complimentary in-home assessment and creation of a personalized plan of care to address any challenges being experienced by a senior with MS. Whether the need is for just a couple of hours of help with housework and companionship, full-time, live-in care to ensure safety and to prevent falls, or anything in between, our professional, compassionate caregivers are fully trained and experienced in meeting a full range of multiple sclerosis care needs. Contact us any time online or at (877) 691-0015 to learn more about our services in Bismark, Lincoln, Mandan, Fargo, West Fargo, and the surrounding areas.

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